Sim registration in Abuja

Sim registration in Abuja. Credit: ScanNewsNigeria

A global consumer organisation has raised privacy concerns over Nigeria’s SIM card Registration laws.

The British-based organisation Comparitech, which uses tools and information to compare tech services around the world, raised these concerns in its latest report on governments who impose SIM card registration laws on citizens.

Comparitech says Nigeria’s SIM registration process is invasive, grouping Nigeria alongside countries like Bahrain and Bangladesh. 

SIM registration in Nigeria began in April 2010 after a directive from Nigeria’s Communication Commission. To register, subscribers provide personal information and submit to biometric scans.

Anywhere else in the world, these stipulations would trigger data protection and privacy concerns.

But in Nigeria, personal data is a non-issue to the average citizen. It is understandable when you consider that Nigeria’s internet penetration in 2018 was 47.1%.

Mobile telephony launched in Nigeria in 2000 and it took seven years for the country to pass an Act of Parliament creating NITDA.

NITDA is a public institution governing data regulations in Nigeria. 

What privacy concerns come with SIM card registration?

“Creating a database of citizens and their mobile numbers restricts private communications, increases the potential of them being tracked and monitored, enables governments to build in-depth profiles of their citizens, and risks private data falling into the wrong hands,” Comparitech wrote.

There are concerns about Nigeria’s SIM registration processes. First, the NCC can hold stored data for three years. Also, it can share this data with security agencies and can imprison subscribers who don’t register their SIM cards. 

In many countries, collecting customer information allows government agencies to spy on citizens. They can also block citizen’s access to information.

In Uganda, the government imposes a social media tax before its citizens can access Facebook, Twitter or Instagram. Incidences of governments shutting down internet are also common across Africa. 

These are the types of privacy concerns which should have everyone worried. 

Possible abuse of data 

Beyond censorship, another worry is the possibility that your personal data could fall into the wrong hands. 

“Release of Personal Information to Security Agents shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Act and any guidelines or instrument issued from time to time by the Commission. Licensees shall not release Personal Information to third parties without obtaining the prior written Consent of the relevant subscriber. For the purpose of this paragraph 5, the term ‘third party” excludes Security Agent as defined in these regulations.”

  • Registration of Telephone Subscribers Regulation (2011)

This possibility of abuse of access is real. Anthony Okolie, a private citizen spent time in prison for allegedly buying a SIM card which once belonged to the President’s daughter.

Okolie’s detention points to an absence of frameworks or legislation to deal with the real threat of identity theft.

Comparitech argues that “Without laws to protect registration data, personal details could be shared with third parties. These could include advertisers, other governments, or tax collection agencies, for example. This puts data at a higher risk of theft and abuse.”

See also: In search of quick loans, Nigerians give up privacy

Read this next
More From TC

For every bad rep the African continent gets in terms of its politics, infrastructure shortcomings and poor socioeconomic systems, its technology industry gets a double dose of the opposite.   From a gamut of technology startups innovating for some of the continent’s dire infrastructure challenges to a constantly growing community of hubs and enabling programmes, even […]


The ability to make good decisions is literally the reason people trust you with responsibilities. Whether you work for a government or lead a team at a private company, your decision-making process will affect lives in very real ways. Organisations often make poor decisions because they fail to learn from the past. Wherever a data-collection […]


With more than 2000 spoken languages, Africa’s linguistic diversity is second only to Asia. A third of the world’s languages is spoken by the 1.2 billion people living within her 54 countries. But the language of artificial intelligence is yet to gain fluency. It has become hackneyed to weave AI into every conversation about technology […]

TechCabal is a Big Cabal Media brand

Copyright © 2020
All rights reserved

Privacy & Terms