27 APRIL, 2022

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Good morning πŸ‘‹πŸΏ

Google is taking steps to insure users’ privacy. 

Last year, Google announced a new requirement for app developers who want to host their apps on Playstore. Like Apple’s App Store, all developers would be required to include a safety section that tells users what data the apps collect including phone numbers, email and physical addresses. 

Now the feature is finally being rolled out, and all developers on the platform have till July 20 to include the safety feature in their apps. 

In today’s edition

  • A case for crypto in Kenya
  • Ethiopia prepares for M-Pesa
  • The EU agrees to pass the DSA
  • Event: NECLive
  • Opportunities

CRYPTO MARKET

* Data as of 06:00 AM WAT, April 27, 2022.

A CASE FOR CRYPTO IN KENYA

What’s scarcer than diamonds, non-cringe superhero movies, or tech bros without dreadlocks? 

Dollars. 

On Monday, the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) ordered commercial banks to ration dollars due to scarcity. 

What does this mean?

It means the CBK is trying to preserve the fiat currency reserves it has. And yes, we are talking about liquid cash here. 

Over the last year, the Kenyan shilling—much like the Nigerian naira and Ghanaian cedi—has steadily devalued against the dollar, from the Ksh109 in January 2021 to where it is now at Ksh115.

As the rates went higher—due to several reasons—investors and manufacturers’ demand for dollars followed as most raced to beat the prices.

Now, the CBK has mandated all central banks to ration dollars in order to preserve what fiat currency the government has left. With the order, traders and importers are reporting that banks have placed a $50,000 daily cap for all dollar transactions.

For businesses with transactions exceeding this cap, it means they have to plan ahead in order to run their businesses smoothly. 

This sound familiar

Well, Kenya isn’t the first African country to experience dollar scarcity this year. Both Nigeria and Ghana are going through similar situations with the former limiting dollar transactions for individuals to $20 per month, while the latter reiterated a prohibition that prevents individuals from paying for goods and services in any foreign currency, including dollars.

What’s the way forward?

For some, there’s a case for cryptocurrency adoption– and we aren’t talking about central bank-backed digital currencies. 

Local currencies stacked up against the dollar mean that prices of everyday items will continue to rise. “It’s already hitting manufacturers and anyone who relies on imported supplies,” says Abraham Augustine, a reporter at TechCabal.

But with stablecoins like the USD coin, importers and individuals don’t have to rely on the availability of the fiat dollar to trade. Each stablecoin is already tied to a fiat currency so anyone using it is transacting the same value. 

Although it is yet to legalise crypto as a legal tender, Kenya is already leading the world in peer-to-peer crypto trading—according to Chainanalysis—and the CBK’s recent order will help increase usage even more in the country.

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ETHIOPIA PREPARES FOR M-PESA

Ethiopia, the second-most populous African nation is throbbing with readiness for mobile finance and Kenyan Safaricom might be first in line to plough its market of 110 million people. 

With a mobile penetration of 51.4 % and a bulging population second only to Nigeria, Ethiopia has massive growth potential for mobile money technology. A financial service called Telebirr was launched last year by the State-owned Ethio Telecom and it attracted four million users within a few weeks. However, its doors remain closed to foreign fintech investors due to its national payments laws.

This is why last year, even after leading a consortium alongside Vodafone to secure Ethiopia’s first-ever private mobile telephony license for $850 million, Safaricom could not plant M-Pesa in the fertile ground under its feet. The licensing deal did not include permission for mobile financial services. 

How Ethiopia is fixing this

The Horn of Africa country is driving through legal hurdles to change the situation. 

According to Business Daily Africa, the National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) drafted a new bill made public last week which included a clause that “Foreign nationals may be allowed to invest in a payment instrument issuer or a payment system operator business, or establish a subsidiary which shall be licensed as a payment instrument issuer or payment system operator.”

Head of payment settlement at NBE, Marta Hailemariam says that if the new amendment is approved, it will “allow M-Pesa to get a license in Ethiopia.”

With M-Pesa being the largest fintech platform— with more than 51 million users in 7 countries— in Africa, this is definitely exciting development for Safaricom, which plans to begin operations in Ethiopia within the year.

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EU AGREES ON THE DSA

A month after it passed the Digital Markets Act, the European Union has passed a new law—the Digital Services Act—and like the former, this one too may bring some trouble to tech companies and their boards. 

What does the Act say?

There are 4 major components of the Act which seek to make platforms responsible for what is posted on their platforms. The full text of the DSA is yet to be released but Parliament has shared some important subject matters listed in The Act:

  • Tech companies will have to create processes that flag and remove illegal content, products and services faster. 
  • They’ll also have to take stricter measures in preventing, and sanctioning misinformation. 
  • Targeted advertising based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, or ethnicity will be banned. Companies will also be unable to target minors. 
  • And—here’s the one social media platforms may find concerning—they have to “establish a powerful transparency and a clear accountability framework for online platforms”.

The fuss about the DSA comes with the last 2 points, both of which will affect the FAANG companies. 

The first threatens their ad revenues—a major revenue source for most of these mega-companies. The second states that tech companies—read: social media platforms and e-commerce sites—will have to explain their algorithms to users and researchers. It also means they’ll have to explain content moderation i.e. why they take down certain posts and what should be taken down. 

If they don’t, they risk losing up to 6% of their annual turnover, as per The Verge

Why is this necessary?

Our world is online. From eating to socialising and working, we’re moving to an online world and it needs to be regulated. 

What is not debatable is how much influence big tech companies hold over their users—an issue which has brought up privacy conflicts within the EU. 

What is debatable is if the people in power have enough understanding to legislate. 

The DSA isn’t law yet though. While all the member states have agreed on it, it still needs to be voted into law, after which it will only come into effect after 15 months.

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EVENT: NECLIVE

This year’s edition of the Nigerian Entertainment Conference (NECLive), one of Africa’s biggest and longest-running gatherings of entertainment and creative industry professionals, will return in person for the first time in three years, as a hybrid event.

NECLive9 will blend an in-person event featuring a select number of guests, with online participants and a live global broadcast across cable TV, radio and online.

Themed “Sustaining The Africa Momentum”, NECLive9 will explore how African creatives and entertainers can use digital media and technology tools to build sustainable economic power for themselves, the industry, and their nations.

The conference—which will be held on Friday, April 29, 2022, in Lagos, Nigeria—will feature live performances by entertainers from across Africa including Tuface Idibia, Iyabo Ojo, Nancy Isime, and Anyiko Owoko.

NECLive9 will be held in person in Lagos and simultaneously broadcast live across the world on DStv and on the NECLive website.

Register here.

OPPORTUNITIES

  • Learn and build a career in coding/software development and product design (UI/UX) skills for free. The top finalist will end up with a job/laptop thanks to Ingressive4Good and the ZuriTeam Apply now.
  • Applications are open for the 2022 edition of the African Business Heroes Competition for African Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs from all 54 African countries who are contributing to the development of sustainable economies are invited to apply. Ten winning entrepreneurs will share $1.5 million, get access to mentorship opportunities, and gain global recognition. Shoot your shot
  • Photographers are invited to apply for The Global Landscapes (GLF) Forum Africa Photo Competition 2022. If you’ve got pictures that showcase the beauty and richness of the continent, submit for the chance to win $900 in prizes. Take a snapshot here

What else we’re reading

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Written by – Timi Odueso & Ngozi Chukwu

Edited by – Koromone Koroye

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