basics of cybersecurity

In today’s digital age, cybersecurity has become one of the most important tech careers in any organisation. With the increasing number of cyber-attacks and data breaches, there is a growing demand for professionals who can protect organisations from these threats. A career in cybersecurity can be both challenging and rewarding, with a range of job opportunities and a promising future. In this article, we will explore the path to a career in cybersecurity, including the basics of the field, skills, education, and certifications required.

The role of a cybersecurity professional

Before embarking on a career in cybersecurity, it is important to understand the basics of the role of a cybersecurity professional. Cybersecurity professionals are responsible for protecting an organisation’s digital assets from unauthorised access, theft, and damage. 

They are responsible for identifying potential security threats, assessing vulnerabilities, and implementing security measures to prevent attacks. A cybersecurity professional may work in a variety of industries, including finance, healthcare, government, and retail.

Required education and skills

Going further with the basics of this field, to become a cybersecurity professional, it is necessary to have a solid educational foundation in computer science, information technology, or a related field. Many cybersecurity professionals have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field. In addition to formal education, a cybersecurity professional must also have a strong understanding of programming languages, operating systems, network protocols, and databases. You may, however, engage in the wealth of professional training on Udacity, Google, Cousera, and the like, if you didn’t study anything related to cybersecurity. 

Apart from technical skills, a cybersecurity professional must also possess strong communication and problem-solving skills. They must be able to communicate effectively with both technical and non-technical stakeholders and be able to analyse and solve complex problems.


In addition to formal education and skills, certifications are also an important aspect of a career in cybersecurity. There are many cybersecurity certifications available, each with its own set of requirements and benefits. Some of the most popular cybersecurity certifications include:

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

This is a widely recognised certification that covers a range of cybersecurity topics, including security and risk management, asset security, security engineering, and more.

CompTIA Security+

This certification covers the basics of cybersecurity, including threat identification and mitigation, risk management, and access control.

Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)

This certification is designed for professionals who want to learn how to think like a hacker in order to better defend against cyber-attacks.

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)

 This certification is designed for professionals who want to develop and manage a cybersecurity program within an organisation.

Entry-level jobs for cybersecurity career enthusiasts

There are many entry-level jobs available for individuals who are interested in a career in cybersecurity. Some of the most common entry-level jobs include:

Security Analyst: This job involves analysing security risks and implementing measures to prevent cyber-attacks.

Security Engineer: This job involves designing and implementing security systems to protect an organisation’s digital assets.

Network Administrator: This job involves maintaining and securing an organisation’s network infrastructure.

Penetration Tester: This job involves attempting to hack into an organisation’s systems to identify vulnerabilities.

Advanced jobs for cybersecurity professionals

As a cybersecurity professional gains experience and certifications, they may be able to move into more advanced roles. Some of the most advanced jobs in cybersecurity include:

Chief Information Security Officer (CISO): This job involves overseeing an organization’s entire cybersecurity program.

Security Architect: This job involves designing and implementing security systems for large, complex organisations.

Cybersecurity Consultant: This job involves providing cybersecurity advice and support to a variety of clients.

Digital Forensics Investigator: This job involves investigating cyber-attacks and data breaches to identify the source and extent of the attack.

Career Outlook

The following are some of the career outlooks for cybersecurity professionals:

Information Security Analysts

With the increase in cyber attacks, information security analysts will continue to be in high demand. They are responsible for analysing security measures and procedures to identify potential weaknesses and recommend solutions to protect an organisation’s information systems.

Network and Computer Systems Administrators basics of cybersecurity

The role of network and computer systems administrators is crucial to the security of an organisation’s network. They are responsible for installing and maintaining an organisation’s computer networks, ensuring that they are secure and running smoothly.

Cybersecurity Consultants

As companies look to improve their cybersecurity measures, the demand for cybersecurity consultants is on the rise. They provide advice and guidance to organisations on how to implement effective cybersecurity policies and procedures.

Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs)

As the highest-ranking executive responsible for an organisation’s cybersecurity, CISOs are becoming increasingly important in today’s digital world. They are responsible for developing and implementing an organisation’s cybersecurity strategy and ensuring that it is effective in protecting against cyber threats.

Final thoughts

There are many opportunities for individuals interested in pursuing a career in this field. With the increasing threat of cyber attacks, the demand for cybersecurity professionals will continue to grow, making it a stable and rewarding career choice.

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